Download The Forest Certification Handbook (Earthscan Forestry by Ruth Nussbaum PDF

By Ruth Nussbaum

First released in 1995, The woodland Certification instruction manual has turn into the landmark booklet relating all facets of wooded area and wooden product certification from coverage to company to in-the-field technical matters. but seeing that first booklet an incredible quantity has occurred within the box. This new moment version has been totally rewritten to include the alterations over the last decade, and is an entire and up to date resource of knowledge on all facets of constructing, picking out and working a wooded area certification programme that offers either industry safety and increases criteria of woodland administration.

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The acceptance criteria stipulate approval by two-thirds of the ISO members who have participated actively in the standard development process, and approval by 75 per cent of all members who vote. Every working day of the year, an average of 11 ISO meetings take place somewhere in the world. In between meetings, the experts continue the standards’ development work by correspondence. Increasingly, their contacts are made by electronic means and some ISO technical bodies have already gone over entirely to electronic working, which speeds up the development of standards and reduces travel costs.

2 How ISO standards are developed The need for a standard is usually expressed by an industry sector, which communicates this need to a national member body. The latter proposes the new work item to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as a whole. Once the need for an International Standard has been recognized and formally agreed, the first phase involves defining the technical scope of the future standard. This phase is usually carried out in working groups comprising technical experts from countries interested in the subject matter.

Most other standards are equally applicable anywhere. For example, the strength required of a motorcycle helmet to ensure that it protects anyone wearing it is the same anywhere; therefore, a standard for motorcycle helmet safety can be applied directly in any country. Forests, however, vary enormously in their biology, climates, soils and their social and economic context, even within one country. As a result, forest certification schemes need to include mechanisms to ensure that the standard used is appropriate to the specific ecological, social and economic conditions where it is applied.

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