By Grace Livingstone
Utilizing newly-declassified records, Grace Livingstone finds the U.S. function within the darkest sessions of Latin American historical past together with Pinochet's coup in Chile, the Contra battle in Nicaragua and the demise squads in El Salvador. She indicates how the U.S. management used the conflict on Terror as a brand new pretext for intervention and the way it attempted to destabilize leftwing governments and ward off the 'pink tide' washing around the Americas. America's yard additionally has chapters on medications, economic system and tradition. It explains why U.S. drug coverage has brought on common environmental harm, but did not lessen the availability of cocaine and appears on the U.S. fiscal stake in Latin the US and the concepts of the large organisations. this present day Latin americans are hard recognize and an finish to the Washington Consensus. Will the White condominium hear?
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Additional info for America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror
Juan Perón Argentina, having long-standing links with both Britain and Germany, had enraged the United States by remaining neutral for most of the war. In 1943 a group of nationalist officers staged a coup. They closed the Argentinian congress and banned political parties, and, like the democratic government before them, refused to declare war on Germany (until 1945 when Allied victory was assured). Unsurprisingly, the State Department feared that the junta had pro-Nazi sympathies. Colonel Juan Perón was labour minister in this administration.
They have used the pretext of anti-communism. The truth is very different. The truth is to be found in the financial interests of the fruit company and the other US monopolies which have invested great amounts of money in Latin America and fear that the example of Guatemala would be followed by other Latin countries … I have made a sad and cruel judgement. After reflecting with a clear revolutionary conscience, I have made a decision that is of great importance for our country in the hope of containing this aggression and bringing peace to Guatemala.
In 1984, the school was moved to Fort Benning, Georgia, USA, and in 2001, in an attempt to improve its image, its name was changed again to the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. More than 60,000 Latin American soldiers have been trained at the school, among them some of the region’s most notorious dictators and human rights abusers. In 1996, the Pentagon declassified seven training manuals used at the School of the Americas. * The manuals also included detailed interrogation techniques and use the term ‘neutralization’, which the Department of Defense admits is a euphemism for illegal execution.