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By Guy L. Beck

Going past the traditional depictions of Krishna within the epics, this ebook makes use of neighborhood and vernacular assets to give a variety of Krishna traditions.

Krishna—widely commemorated and loved within the Hindu tradition—is a deity of many elements. An historic manifestation of the excellent God Vishnu, or the Godhead itself, Krishna is the bringer of Yoga philosophy and the author of the universe, the destroyer of evil tyrants, and the hero of the epic Mahabharata. he's additionally defined in classical Sanskrit texts as having human features and having fun with very human goals: Krishna is the butter thief, cowherd, philanderer, and flute participant. but even those playful depictions are dependent upon descriptions present in the Sanskrit canon, and typically mirror standard, classical Pan-Indian images.

In this ebook, individuals learn the choice, or unconventional, Krishnas, delivering examples from extra localized Krishna traditions present in diverse areas between quite a few ethnic teams, vernacular language traditions, and distant branches of Indian religions. those wide-ranging, replacement visions of Krishna comprise the Tantric Krishna of Bengal, Krishna in city women's rituals, Krishna as monogamous husband and more youthful brother in Braj, Krishna in Jainism, Krishna in Marathi culture, Krishna in South India, and the Krishna of nineteenth-century reformed Hinduism.

“The complete quantity bargains a consi-derable spectrum of a number of lesser-known sorts of Krishna bhakti awarded from assorted study views. it's an informative addition to reports in commonly conceived Vaishnavism and non secular traditions.” —  Acta Orientalia Vilnensia

“…Guy Beck has … provid[ed] a superbly produced quantity with a few interesting study papers proposing ‘regional and vernacular adaptations on a Hindu deity’ … [he] has performed a superb provider by means of accumulating and soliciting splendidly wealthy and various articles.” — Indo-Iranian Journal

"Surely, there are few, if any, deities extra imperative and significant to Hinduism than Krishna. This quantity provides vital voices to our knowing of this Hindu deity, a true and intensely major accomplishment." — Jeffrey J. Kripal, writer of Roads of extra, Palaces of knowledge: Eroticism and Reflexivity within the research of Mysticism

Contributors contain Jerome H. Bauer, man L. Beck, Glen Alexander Hayes, June McDaniel, Anne E. Monius, Christian Lee Novetzke, Tracy Pintchman, Valerie Ritter, and A. Whitney Sanford.

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George Lakoff and Mark Johnson (1980), 25. 23. This is not to say that Mukunda-dasa does not make some use of these other metaphors, especially sound and color/light, or that other traditions eschew metaphors of fluid and substance. However, Mukunda-dasa clearly emphasizes the primacy of the substance/fluid metaphors over these others. I will explore these issues further in a forthcoming work. 24. See Monier Monier-Williams (1976), 869, cols. 2–3. On the GaudŒya Vaishnava and Vaishnava Sahajiya interpretations, see Edward C.

36 June McDaniel In GaudŒya Vaishnavism, the condition of being in the presence of the statue, having its darsana, is important, because each statue is understood to express a specific rasa or mood of Krishna. The concept of dramatic rasas derive from Bharata Muni’s Natya-Sastra, where eight basic sentiments are described: erotic, comic, pathetic, furious, heroic, terrible, disgusting, and marvelous. However, Vaishnava writers have reorganized these basic emotions in various ways. 6 Rupa wrote of five basic rasas of devotion: pure love, affection, friendship, parental love, and erotic love.

Lakoff, George. ” In Methaphor and Thought, 2d ed. Andrew Ortony, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 202–51. ———. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. ———. Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodies Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic, 1999. Lakoff, George, and Mark Turner. More than Cool Reason: A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor.

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