By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a vast software of social transformation to enhance the placement of the operating type and bad, girls, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and huge entry to overall healthiness care, schooling, and social companies. This e-book explores how Nicaragua's least robust electorate have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the advance of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic examine performed through the Nineteen Nineties, Florence Babb describes the adverse results that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, specifically for ladies and low-income voters. furthermore, she charts the expansion of women's and different social pursuits (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, formative years, peace, and environmental) that experience taken benefit of new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic snap shots of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and worldwide processes.
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Additional info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
Sandinistas welcomed the space that became available to the fsln, and they managed, at the very least, to make their criticisms of the government’s neoliberal stabilization and adjustment programs heard. They began to demand alternatives, arguing that “opening economic spaces for the majority is the only way to depolarize the country” (Envío 1993: 10). Women were among those calling for a new political culture, one attuned to the gender implications of harsh neoliberal economic policies. The Sandinista Party division in 1995 into two political orientations, the fsln and the mrs, weakened the opposition movement but resulted in more open discussion of the party’s failure to respond adequately to its political base (Barricada Internacional 1995a).
The women had clearly staked their ground and claimed a new social space in which to build a movement. The energy of the festival carried over to plans for a national gathering, or encuentro, called for January 1992. The goal was to bring women from around the country, independent of political afﬁliation, for three days of 6. Former President Daniel Ortega sits among a group of women leaders at the AMNLAE national congress in 1991. workshops and discussions. While the organizers expected a few hundred women, more than eight hundred registered and the meeting was moved to Managua’s largest convention center, making a powerful public statement.
His strongest allies were returning Miami exiles and members of the conservative hierarchy of the Catholic Church. After his election to the presidency in 1996, he applied the same neoliberal development model to the country as a whole— although still concentrating on the capital and giving less attention to the rural areas. It warrants mentioning here that Managua is certainly not Nicaragua. The title of this chapter is taken from a report prepared in 1984 by Nicaragua’s Center for the Study of Agrarian Reform (ciera).