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By Chuka Onwumechili

Onwumechili offers an exhilarating standpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't synonymous exclusively with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and indicates how those socieites sincerely outlined and constrained the jobs of conventional African armies.From this history, Onwumechili makes readers delight in that glossy African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa. relatively, he argues, one has to hunt these roots in Africa's fresh, colonial historical past. Dr. Onwumechili is going directly to describe the explanations for coups and their strategies. eventually, he examines how army coups will be avoided. whereas earlier strategies have mostly failed, Onwumechili presents convincing strategies in line with case stories.

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The situation in both countries will be discussed next. Nigeria Nigeria is acclaimed as the most politically important country in West Africa; yet, it is presently (at the time of this writing) under the military mle of General Abdulsalam Abubakar, who promises to hand over power to a democratically elected government. Military mlers who led successful coups in 1966, 1975, 1983, 1985, and 1993 have largely ruled Nigeria. The first democratically elected government mled from independence on 1 October 1960 till the military coup of 1966.

CENI features equal representation of both the ruling and the opposition parties. 11. Dean Mun'gomba of the ZDC was runner-up to Chiluba in the 1996 presidential election. Mun'gomba won 12 percent of the votes against Chiluba's 70 percent. This page intentionally left blank 3 Reasons for and History of Military Coups INTRODUCTION The continuing military threat to democratization was the focus of earlier discussions on the status of democratization in Africa. We have pointed out the rapid overthrow of democracy in Burundi, the Republic of Congo (Brazzaville), Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.

Taylor fled to the United States after he was sought for alleged embezzlement. He was imprisoned in the United States and was awaiting extradition to Liberia when he escaped from prison. He soon built up a Liberian insurgent force, with the help of Libya, from his new base in the Ivory Coast. At about the same time, Doe transitioned into a civilian to win the 1986 presidential elections but his leadership style continued to alienate Liberians, some of whom escaped to join Taylor's forces in the Ivory Coast.

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