By Jonathan R. Barton
The geographical regions and peoples of South and vital the US, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that jointly shape the political nation-state of Latin the United States, surround a variety of societies, politics and economies. this article exposes the variations among areas, areas and nations, contributors and societies, delivering a useful perception into the subjects of political and monetary improvement, and gives a advisor to figuring out strength and area family members. From the Antarctic to the tropical jungles, the coastal groups to the highland villages, the mega-cities to remoted rural lifestyles, the political geographies of lives, localities, towns and rurality are too refined to be subjected to generalizations. Adopting a serious human geography viewpoint, Jonathon Barton offers an knowing of similarities, distinction and complicated human geographies.
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Additional resources for A political geography of Latin America
To make a case for what constitutes a ‘Southern’ political geography requires tracing the development of political geography within the South, in this case Latin America, and the manner in which political geography is written, published and distributed. 18 Latin American political geography should be broadened to include the needs, demands and conflicts of communities and people(s) within the republics rather than solely between them. A second point is that the Latin American state is not the western liberal democratic state of Europe or the USA.
Prior to the twentieth century, US influence had been important in Central America and the northern Latin American states but the interwar period saw US expansionism throughout Latin America which would be consolidated later during the Second World War. The pursuit of a more independent development path was a reaction to emerging US interests in the continent as much as it was a reaction to the older European influences. The structuralist theoretical school was based on a recognition that Latin American development, or lack of it, was related to the continent’s commercial relations with Europe and the USA.
They worked towards an explanation of Latin America’s development condition relative to Northern nation-states by emphasising inequalities embedded in trade relations (Prebisch, 1965). It was considered that the low price of Latin America’s traditional exports, principally agricultural products, minerals and other raw materials, relative to higher cost imports, principally manufactures, was central to any explanation. Over time, Latin American countries’ terms of trade were worsening. The presumed remedy was the promotion of industrialisation to replace imported manufactures.